cars

Cybersecurity Engineering in the Automotive industry

A lot is happening in the Automotive industry these days. It has to do with connectivity, autonomous driving, autonomous parking, and so on. All these have one thing in common: they are producing extremely large amounts of data which needs to be processed in the backend by very powerful computers. When we talk connectivity, we MUST talk about cybersecurity.   This is why the Automotive industry has started to take this very seriously: We have the  ISO/SAE AWI 21434 : Road Vehicles — Cybersecurity engineering which is in the preparation stage We have the European Automobile Manufacturers’ Association (ACEA) who have released the “Principles of…


Do you actually need a security product in your car? Part 3 : Intrusion Prevention and Detection Systems

I ended part 2 with the promise that we will discuss about : 2) Intrusion detection and prevention systems (IDS/IPS or IDPS) From Wikipedia: Intrusion prevention systems (IPS), also known as intrusion detection and prevention systems (IDPS), are network security appliances that monitor network and/or system activities for malicious activity. The main functions of intrusion prevention systems are to identify malicious activity, log information about this activity, attempt to block/stop it, and report it. Intrusion prevention systems are considered extensions of intrusion detection systems because they both monitor network traffic and/or system activities for malicious activity. The main differences are,…


Do you actually need a security product in your car? Part 2: the classical antivirus

I wrote in the first part of this article about Detection, Protection, Remediation and I stopped at the part where we analyze what kind of security products do you need in the car of tomorrow. 1)The classical antivirus We know it to be used mostly for files. But it can much more than that. a) Files There are many files that can enter the car and can produce damages: music video updates (binary or data) scripts configuration files for various subsystems html and javascript (plain text) for rendering Java compiled files (especially if you run Android) possibly Adobe Flash (not sure though) possible…


Let the competition for “securing the car” begin!

I didn’t actually want to write such a post, but several press releases drew my attention. So, the competition to protect the car has begun. Big players are now on the hunt for customers. But, when you talk to customers like Daimler, VW, BMW, Nissan and others, the discussions  will take a while. I will maintain the list below with technologies I see in categories. Please note that I write here only vendors that actually have a technology that mitigates threats in the cars and not just any vendor that talks generic about IoT or embedded solutions. I also exclude solutions which address…


Do you actually need a security product in your car? Part 1: Prevention, Detection, Remediation

Note: This is going to be a somehow longer article which I will finish in a couple of related posts.   A security product is a program that Prevents that malware enters the system Detects if previously unknown malware is running on the system Remediates the actions of detected malware on the system Note that it is not mentioned *how* PDR gets implemented in practice. There are many ways to implement them and it is out of the scope of this article how this gets realized.   Back to our question: Do you actually need a security product in your car?…


Nissan’s connected car app offline after trivial to exploit vulnerability revealed

On Wednesday Nissan disabled an app that allowed owners of its electric Leaf car to control their cars’ heating and cooling from their phones, after the Australian researcher Troy Hunt showed he could use it to control others’ cars as well. The NissanConnect EV app, formerly called CarWings, enabled a remote hacker to access the Leaf’s temperature controls and review its driving record, merely by knowing the car’s VIN (vehicle identification number). The app will turn the climate control on or off—it decided not to bother requiring any kind of authentication. When a Leaf owner connects to their car via a smartphone, the only information that…


Self-driving car: security and liability

I read about Google’s vision of driverless cars. I like it, but I can’t stop to ask myself a few questions. Before that, Google’s driverless car just got its driver license 🙂 The NHTSA letter isn’t a ruling; it’s a clarification about how the agency will interpret the law in the future. You can read the full thing here (warning: It’s a mess), but the key part is below: As a foundational starting point for the interpretations below, NHTSA will interpret driver in the context of Google’s described motor vehicle design as referring to the SDS, and not to any…


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