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How-To: NIS2 EU Directive

The NIS2 Directive is a European Union legislative text on cybersecurity that supersedes the first NIS (Network and Information Security) Directive, adopted in July 2016. NIS vs. NIS2 While the first NIS (Network and Information Security) Directive increased the Member States’ cybersecurity capabilities, its implementation proved difficult, resulting in fragmentation at different levels across the internal market. To respond to the growing threats posed with digitalisation and the surge in cyber-attacks, the Commission has submitted a proposal to replace the NIS Directive and thereby strengthen the security requirements, address the security of supply chains, streamline reporting obligations, and introduce more stringent supervisory measures and stricter enforcement requirements, including harmonised sanctions across the EU. NIS2 strengthens security requirements in the EU by expanding the NIS scope to more sectors and entities, taking into account the security of supply chains, streamlining reporting obligations, introducing monitoring measures, introducing more stringent enforcement requirements, adding the concept of “management bodies” accountability within companies, and harmonizing and tightening sanctions in all Member States. To achieve the above mentioned goals, NIS2 requires member states to take a number of measures that forces them to work together: Establish or improve information sharing between member states and a common incident…

Executive summary: NIS2 Directive for the EU members

  The NIS 2 Directive is a set of cybersecurity guidelines and requirements established by the European Union (EU) . It replaces and repeals the NIS Directive (Directive 2016/1148/EC) . The full name of the directive is “Directive (EU) 2022/2555 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 14 December 2022 on measures for a high common level of cybersecurity across the Union, amending Regulation (EU) No 910/2014 and Directive (EU) 2018/1972, and repealing Directive (EU) 2016/1148 (NIS 2 Directive)” . The NIS 2 Directive aims to improve cybersecurity risk management and introduce reporting obligations across sectors such as energy, transport, health, and digital infrastructure . It provides legal measures to boost the overall level of cybersecurity in the EU . The directive covers a larger share of the economy and society by including more sectors, which means that more entities are obliged to take measures to increase their level of cybersecurity . The management bodies of essential and important entities must approve the cybersecurity risk-management measures taken by those entities, oversee its implementation, and can be held liable for infringements . Who is affected? The NIS 2 Directive significantly expands the sectors and type of critical entities falling under its scope….

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German SMS spam or phishing or Nigerian scam ?

I am trying to sell my car and I posted it on 90% of the telephone calls I received were from handlers, all of them not germans. About half were turks and the rest maybe russians and chechs/slovacs. However, I received also 2 emails and two SMS messages. The emails were in English and they were as follows: Email 1: Hello Dear Sir/Madam! I intresting to buy Your car Audi A4. My price is 2500EUR and I taket right now. Name: Mindaugas E-Mail: Telefon: +37061765476 Email 2: Hello, Kindly quickly get back to me with the last price, if is still for sale.. Best regards. Paul Name: Paul E-Mail: Telefon: nill I replied to both emails and I received a reply from the second email: Thanks for your mail,i do want you to know that am ok with the price but am from U.K and the payment will be by cheque ONLY,as i have a contact in europe who will make payment to you on my behalf by cheque drawn from europe bank so if you are ok with this,get back to me asap with your details needed for the addression of the cheque such as…

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